Pere is very fond of models. He belongs to TESR1 and loves tank models. He is going to write some articles about the history and characteristics of several tanks that took part in the WW2 and appear in the game whose models he owns.
Although there were previous tanks, of course, I want to start for the one I think was one of the best German tanks in WW2: the Panzerkampfwagen VI Tiger Ausf.E.Sd.Kfz.181, better known as Tiger I.
Vehicle Type: Heavy Truck
Country of Origin: Germany, Third Reich
Service: From August 1942 to August 1944
Operators: Herr (Wehrmacht) and Waffen SS
Design: Henschel & Sohn in 1941
Cost per unit: 250800 Reichsmark
Produced Units: 1350
Weight: 57 tons.
Length: 6.29 mts. (Chassis) – 8.45 mts. (Including Canon)
Width: 3.55 mts.
Height: 3 m.
Crew: Commander, Gunner, Loader, Opeador radio / machine gun and driver.
Shielding: 25mm to 120mm.
Primary Weapon: Cannon Kwk36 88mm L / 56 (92 rounds)
Secondary Weapon: 2 MG34 7.92 mm machine guns. (4800 projectiles)
Engine: V12 Maybach 45 HL230P 700 Cv.
Maximum speed: 38 km / h in the open.
Autonomy: 110-195 Km.
Shooting: Tracks interspersed with 8 wheels support.
Suspension: torsion bars.
The entrance into action of the Tiger I was a formidable and unexpected response to the armored force of the USSR in the early months of Operation Barbarossa, the T-34 and KV-1
Tiger I gave the Wehrmacht its first tank equipped with 88 mm cannon which showed his effectively as much in the air as terrestrially (the shells it used were a crack) and during the course of the war participated in all frenyes battle.
It was feared by all opponents, but it was technically complicated, materials and production too expensive methods and therefore its production was not effective enough to satisfy the demand. After production of 1350 units, in August 1944 Tiger I was stopped producing for the Tiger II.
Kwk.36 your Canon L / 56 88 mm along with Kwk.43 / L71 of 88 mm of Tiger II aroused terror in their enemies for being the most effective of the WW2. The cannon had a flatter trajectory and thanks to TZF9b Zeiss viewer high precision. In trials test the cannon reached 5 times in succession in a target of 40 x 45 cm at about 1200 meters. There are also reports of targets reached at longer distances of 1600 meters and a report relate the destruction of a T-34 at a distance 3900 mts, pure luck as hit normal distances were between 800 and 1200 meters.
The Tiger I could destroy opponents, T-34, Sherman and Churchill IV at above 1600 meters distance. The T-34 with 76.2 mm cannon drill not frontally to Tiger from any distance, had to do it sideways and from a distance of 500 meters and with APCR ammunition. The Sherman had to be always within 500 meters and only had penetration on the back or side, which meant high lose ratio as they were to confront in relation to 4/1, knowing that they would lose 3 tanks. All this was effective in open terrain, things changed when the action was taking place in small, closed places and in cities where they were candy spaces for opponents.
In the battle of Kursk, the Tiger had great success in combat, between July 1 and September 1, 1943 the s.Pz.Abt.503 claim the destruction of 501 enemy tanks (mainly T-34, but also KV-1 and about 50 British Churchill deployed in the central sector of the outgoing), 388 anti-tank guns (76.2 mm anti-aircraft and some 85 mm) and 79 heavy artillery. In the same period the battalion only lost 18 Tiger than could not be repaired (7 of them on fire).
The Tiger battalions were used under the command of the army, deployed in critical areas were operating breaking the front or counterattacks. The Tiger is associated specifically to SS.Haupsturmfuher (Captain) Michael Wittman and SS Battalion 501 heavy trucks, which was one of the most successful commanders of WW2. About 10 Tiger commanders have over 100 casualties to his credit, Otto Carius over 150, 168 Kurt Knispel, Johannes Boter with over 139 and 138 cited above.
I hope you have been interested in this article, which I think was one of the best cars of heavy fighting in the German army WW2, and has not been widespread and heavy described. For my part I will continue doing these reviews to know a little more about the history of the tanks with which normally play with in WoT.
Author: Escipionelafricanus_ps. ( Pedro )
Translated into English by ElCidCampeador2014